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CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES - RA 6713

Republic Act No. 6713 AN ACT ESTABLISHING A CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND EMPLOYEES, TO   UPHOLD THE TIME-HONORED PRINCIPLE OF PUBLIC OFFICE BEING A PUBLIC TRUST, GRANTING INCENTIVES AND REWARDS FOR EXEMPLARY SERVICE, ENUMERATING PROHIBITED ACTS AND TRANSACTIONS AND PROVIDING PENALTIES FOR   VIOLATIONS THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Section 1. Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees." Section 2. Declaration of Policies. - It is the policy of the State to promote a high standard of ethics in public service. Public officials and employees shall at all times be accountable to the people and shall discharge their duties with utmost responsibility, integrity, competence, and loyalty, act with patriotism and justice, lead modest lives, and uphold public interest over personal interest. Section 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Act, the term: (a) "Go
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Never Again! Never Forget!

Why does it matter?  Can't we move on? There is a thin line between moving forward and forgetting. The occurrence of collective amnesia did not happen only by mistake or overnight. Correctly remembering what happened during Martial Law is important, especially amidst ongoing conversations that attempt to revise history. While others have made attempts through social media platforms to cement the Martial Law's place in our cultural memory, we have a clear social responsibility to be accountable for our actions and be conscious of its impact on others and in our communities. Truths are learned to be remembered and not to be forgotten. There is nothing wrong with forgiving and moving forward, but what makes things hard to digest is when accountability is neglected. In that case, chances are, Filipinos will find it hard to value, defend, and promote our freedom. To be reminded to #NeverForget does not necessarily mean holding a grudge until our very last breath. It will

FERDINAND E. MARCOS LED A GUERILLA RESISTANCE UNIT DURING THE JAPANESE OCCUPATION

The US Army records found no evidence to support Ferdinand E. Marcos' claims that he led Ang Mga Maharlika military operations against Japanese forces from 1942 to 1944. Instead, the Army dismissed the claim as "fraudulent" and "absurd." Furthermore, according to The National Historical Commission of the Philippines, Marcos Sr. did not receive three medals, including the DSC, Silver Heart, and Purple Heart, while serving as Major-ranked military personnel. SOURCE:  SCHEMA SLU References: Holmes, K. (n.d.). Wendell Fertig and His Guerrilla Forces in the Philippines: Fighting the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Retrieved August 04, 2022 from https://books.google.com.ph/books?hl=en&lr=&id= x1XIBwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=guerrilla+force+philippines&ots=QvAAgktb-&sig=Hh2PVAA98v7YrqDP0euczNy-o VY&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=guerrilla force philippines&f=false MARCOS'S WARTIME

NO MASSACRES TOOK PLACE DURING MARTIAL LAW

Juan Ponce Enrile, a former administrator during Martial Law, claimed that no massacres occurred during Martial Law that could be comparable to the Mendiola Massacre during Corazon Aquino's presidency. The truth is that were two massacres that occurred during the Martial Law, and both of these events were done against the Muslim communities in Mindanao. The first massacre was the Palimbang or the Malisbong Massacre that happened in a municipality in Sultan Kudarat called Palimbang. The second massacre also took place in Mindanao; it occurred in Bingcul on November 12, 1977. SOURCE:  SCHEMA SLU References: Charleston, M.A., Chua, ".B., Chua, X., Cornelio, M., & Elumbre, A.L. (2012). TORTYUR: Human Rights Violations During The Marcos Regime. List of Victims and Recognized Motu Proprio. (n.d.). Human Rights Violations Victims' Memorial Commission. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://hrvvmemcom.gov.ph/list-of-victims-recognized-motu-proprio/

MARCOSES WERE NOT CONVICTED OF ANY CRIMINAL CHARGES

Former first lady, Imelda Marcos was convicted of corruption charges by the Sandiganbayan anti-graft court. Imelda Marcos was found guilty of seven violations of Republic Act 3019, also known as the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act. The Marcoses have also lost several foreign cases involving ill-gotten wealth. SOURCE:  SCHEMA SLU References: Gutierrez, J. (2018, November 9). Imelda Marcos Is Sentenced to Decades in Prison for Corruption (Published 2018). The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/09/world/asia/imelda-marcos sentenced-philippines.html Montinola, G.R. (1999). Parties and Accountability in the Philippines. Journal of Democracy 10(1), 126-140. doi:10.1353/ jod.1999.0013.

THE DISTRIBUTION OF NUTRIBUN WAS A PROJECT SPEARHEADED BY THE MARCOS ADMINISTRATION

Although Nutribun was distributed to combat malnutrition among young children in the Philippines during the Marcos regime, it was a project of the United States Agency for International Development, not the Marcos administration. There is also no credible evidence to support the claim that no children went hungry during Marcos' presidency. According to the United Nations Children's Fund in 2018, over 1 million children were hungry and 140,000 children from Negros Occidentales suffered from third-degree malnutrition between 1984 and 1986. SOURCE:  SCHEMA SLU References: Engel, R. (1974, July 2). Nutrition and Related Services Provided to the Republic of the Philippines by Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univexsit. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnaag927.pdf Orillos, J. B. (2018, September 21). Nutribun's History in the Philippines. Esquire Philippines. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://www.esquire mag.ph/culture/lifest

PHILIPPINE ECONOMY GOT WORSE AFTER MARCOS WAS OUSTED

While many people believed that the peso and the dollar were on equal footing, this was not the case-before the Marcos regime, President Diosdado Macapagal had the exchange rate set at 1 USD: 3.70 PHP, and food and non-food prices had tripled by the last decade of Martial Law. Furthermore, the Philippines was unable to match the manufacturing success of neighboring countries, constraining economic growth. Official government data on the country's GDP and GDP per capita show that the economy was already in decline by the end of the Marcos regime. Source:  SCHEMA SLU References: Dohner, R. S., & Intal, P. (n.d.). Introduction to "Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance, Volume 3: Country Studies - Indonesia, Korea, Philippine. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://www.nber.org/system/files/chapters/c9047/c9047.pdf Martial Law in Data. (n.d.). Martial Law Museum. Retrieved August 4, 2022, from https://martiallawmuseu